Mango: The Good Fruit Guide View

Mangoes are one of GFG’s favourite fruits. They are succulent, fleshy, tasty, aromatic, colourful and deeply satisfying when at their best. They are among the most prized fruit in the tropics and epitomise all that is good about food and enjoyment and nutrition.

Unfortunately, in this country we rarely see the very best because, in a well meaning attempt to sell at affordable prices, the standard supermarket fare is sea-freighted to keep costs down. The result is a restriction to the varieties that will travel by sea, and often a compromise on maturity at harvest.

The very best eating varieties tend to originate in South and South-East Asia. If they come to our shores, they are generally air-freighted because of their shorter shelf-life, harvested in a more mature state, and more expensive as a consequence.

Some supermarkets, e.g. Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Waitrose, will sell air-freighted varieties at certain times under their top quality brands.

Mango - Good Fruit Guide Market Update

Market information to be updated shortly.

Mango - Directory of Varieties

Mango - Alphonso

Alphonse

Alphonso is widely recognised as the best mango variety available. These are small, roundish mangoes with a smooth, pale orange to deep orange peel. The flesh is an intense reddish-orange colour, smooth and almost fibreless. The flavour and sweetness are intense, exquisite, rich and unique, well worth tracking down to your local Indian store. Ripening: … Read More »

Mango - Amelie - ripe

Amélie

A green or pale yellow skinned mango, sometimes with a red blush, often sold as an Organic option. Amélie has a great flavour when ripened well, with a unique fragrance and background tang. The yellow flesh is silky smooth and fibreless. Dried mango from West Africa is often Amélie variety. Some interesting comments from Azelia’s … Read More »

Mango - Ataulfo - jvi_0005s_0008_atualfomango

Ataulfo

A small pale green to yellow-skinned mango, with a thin stone. The flesh is deep yellow, smooth and fibreless, and is very sweet with a delicious spicy flavour. The flesh is often described as ‘buttery’. This is a very popular mango in North and Central America. Ripening: The fruit should have a yellow to orange … Read More »

Badami

Badami is one of a number of delicious mangoes grown in India. It is slightly earlier than the sort-after Alphonse mango due to its southern production, but is attractive as a fresh variety. The fruit has pale yellow, thin skin through which it is easy to detect the softness of the flesh. The flesh is … Read More »

Carabao

Carabao mango, the favoured variety of the Philippines.

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Chaunsa

The Chausa or Chaunsa mango of Pakistan is probably one of the worlds’ top two or three varieties available. It is an exceptionally sweet mango with a wonderful fragrance and delicious soft, succulent flesh with only the minimum of fibre. Externally, as with many Asian mangoes, it is not a fruit of beauty, usually being … Read More »

Chiin-Hwang

One of the main mango varieties grown in Taiwan. Origin: Grown in: Taiwan Harvest & Availability: Unfortunately, Chiin Hwang is unlikely to reach our shores unless air-freighted to specialist China Town outlets in major cities.

Haden

Haden is the original ‘Florida’ variety mango. It is very sweet and has good flavour, but has some fine fibres around the stone. Ripeness: If the fruit is properly mature it will soften and become quite tender when ready to eat. The background colour of the peel will turn pale yellow as well, and the … Read More »

Mango - Irwin

Irwin

Irwin is a smooth, sweet, and flavoursome mango, which is virtually fibreless. The flesh is an attractive yellow colour, melting, juicy, aromatic and of excellent eating quality, often with an apple/mango flavour. The skin is smooth, orange to pink in colour and small, white lenticels. It develops an eye-catching dark red blush as the fruit … Read More »

Kasturi

Kasturi is a small, round mangoes with a beautiful red-orange blushed appearance. The Kasturi has deep yellow flesh which is virtually fibreless, a good fragrant spicy mango flavour and a high level of sweetness. Origin: Kasturi may have originated in a very small area around Banjarmasin in Southern Borneo, Indonesia where is it called Kalimantan … Read More »

Mango - keitt

Keitt

Description: Keitt mangoes are probably the most common variety on sale in supermarkets. Eating quality is generally good; enjoyable without being exceptional, but usually reliable, sweet and flavoursome. Due to good storage capability, Keitt mangoes can be sea-freighted from their country of origin, which keeps the costs down for consumers. The fruit is a large, … Read More »

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Kensington Pride (Bowen)

Kensington Pride is a smallish oval mango with an exceptionally fine, spicy, sweet flavour. The skin is pale green which develops to an attractive pale yellow with maturity, often with a red blush. The flesh is a golden yellow colour, quite dense and is largely fibreless. The fruit is classed as medium-large. Kensington Pride is, … Read More »

Mango - kent

Kent

The Kent mango has good eating quality, reliable though not exceptional, and is common in supermarkets dues to its ability to maintain quality when transported by sea. It is a mid to late season mango, so is medium to large in size. It is oval-shaped with mainly a green/yellow background colour and sometimes with a … Read More »

Kesar

Kesar is India’s second mango variety in terms of exports, but second only to Alphonse which happens to be the best on the planet! Kesar is a small to medium fruit, roundish in shape, and relatively unexciting in appearance, being a dull, slightly mottled yellow colour. Inside it is a different matter: a deep yellow … Read More »

Lili

Lili is a mango with exceptionally smooth flesh, which has an almost jelly-like consistence when ripe. The flesh is pale to mid-yellow, almost totally fibreless and very easy to spoon out off the skin. The external appearance is similar when ripe, the yellow peel being quite uniform. Flavour is mild, but there is a good … Read More »

Mango - Madame Francique group - francis_mango

Madame Francique

Madame Francique is a premium quality yellow mango. It is a large, flattened, kidney-shaped fruit with light-green skin which becomes slightly yellowish on ripening. The flesh is sweet with a rich flavour; orange in colour and with a low incidence of fibre: one of the best mangoes in the Caribbean. “The mango tree is probably … Read More »

Mango - Maha Chanok

Maha Chanok

Rainbow mango Where the fruit shape is elongated and the colour turns from green to yellowish-orange when ripen. Mahachanok mango is known to have delicious taste, sweet aroma, and rich in nutrition value. Colour:Yellowish-Orange/Red Size (cm):16 – 18 Grade:A Weight (kg):0.35, Typical weight is between 250 – 370 g. Elongated shape:Yellowish-Orange/Red Origin: Maha Chanok mango … Read More »

Mango - Maya

Maya

Maya is a delicious small, round mango with gorgeous deep yellow, fibreless, smooth flesh. The flavour and sweetness are exceptional and they appear to be popular with supermarkets, probably because the sources are easier to control. Ripeness: Maya is quite easy to monitor for ripeness as the fruit becomes quite soft and tender when mature, … Read More »

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Nam Dok Mai

Nam Dok Mai or Golden mango, is the most famous mango of Thailand. It’s shape is unique and the smooth, thin pale yellow skin hints at what is inside. The Nam Dok Mai is a totally fibreless mango with silky smooth juicy flesh with a deliciously unique, but mild, flavour. These delicate mangoes are not … Read More »

Omer

An excellent mango variety with a strong flavour and sweet, succulent, fibreless flesh. Origin: Grown in: Israel Harvest & Availability: September to October: from Israel

Osteen

Osteen mangoes are an elegant elongated shape with a slight curve. This is quite a plump mango, usually pale green going to pale yellow or mottled yellow as it ripens, but often with a purple-red blush as well. The yellow flesh is sweet and satisfying with a decent flavour: very enjoyable. There are some fibres … Read More »

Parvin

Parvin is a medium sized blushed mango with heavy, waxy thick skin and deep orange flesh which has a degree of fibre. Sweet and rich in flavour. Origin: Parvin is a chance seedling of Haden, discovered in the 1940′s by Clint Fisk Parvin in Bradenton, Florida. Grown in: Puerto Rica, Brazil Harvest & Availability: October: … Read More »

Flag - Israel - images

Premium Mangoes from Israel

Mangoes from Israel are on the European markets from early August to September. The range of mango varieties exported has unusual breadth as it includes a number of interesting and tasty premium varieties, as well as the standard Florida types (Kent, Keitt & Tommy Atkins). Look out for any of the following, most of which … Read More »

Princess

Princess is a late-maturing mango with fibreless, creamy flesh, a good flavour and a red-blushed skin. It is a new variety which is attracting plenty of interest because it can extend a mango season by 3 to 6 weeks – very significant.It can also be picked at 80% internal maturity which allows good time for … Read More »

Red King

Red king is the name given to a yellow mango with a slight red blush that has recently appeared in UK supermarkets from Pakistan. As the fruit ripens, the yellow becomes deeper. The fruit has a slightly irregular shape. The flesh is quite firm, has some fibre and is sweet without being particularly flavoursome. Ripening: … Read More »

Shelley

An Israeli variety of mango with delicious smooth flesh. This is a fairly small round fruit with an attractive red-blushed appearance. The stone is fairly thin and the yellow flesh practically fibreless. The flavour is mild with good sweetness and the peel very thin and smooth. Origin: Grown in: Israel, Gambia Harvest & Availability: Mid-August … Read More »

Mango - Sindri - group - Sindhri_Mango_From_Pakistan

Sindhri

Sindhri is the most famous of Pakistan’s mango varieties, often referred to as the Honey mango – the national fruit of Pakistan. This is an incredibly delicate fruit with a deep yellow thin peel and a distinct elongated and pointed curved shape. The flesh is also deep yellow, soft and melting and with such knock-your-socks-off … Read More »

Sinora

Unknown variety, spotted in Morrisons in August 2011, purported to be from Pakistan

Tainong

From: Market Man, 27th June, 2007: Stunning reddish-orange skinned mangoes. Labelled as Tainong, it hails from Taiwan or Southern China. This mango had one of the most striking colorations with deep greens, reds and burgundies on the thick, smooth and unblemished skin. This variety is native to Taiwan. These were visually stunning and a beautiful … Read More »

Mango - tommy 1

Tommy Atkin

Tommy Atkin is a common mango and popular due to its attractive appearance and long storage capability. The flavour is mild and can be good, but is often unexceptional, with the flesh having a slight degree of fibre. Tommy Atkin is an early to mid-season variety, so doesn’t achieve the size of fellow Florida varieties, … Read More »

Mango - How to Determine Quality

In Stores:  Mango maturity is quite difficult to read from external appearance, but some pointers while shopping are:

  • Avoid soft fruit, bruises, prominent black spots, blackness around the stem
  • Slight ‘yield’ of the flesh indicates near ripeness
  • Hard fruit should still ripen at home (if they have been harvested at the right time)
  • Slight wrinkling of some Asian varieties is a sign of good maturity
  • Hardened latex that has flowed from the cut stem does not affect the flesh

Skin colour can be misleading as an indication of ripeness as its significance depends on the variety – check the directory for detail. Red colouration of the peel rarely has any link to ripeness.

At Home:

  • Mangoes are a tropical fruit so do not particularly like cold temperatures
  • No ripening will take place in a refrigerator
  • Some varieties may be damaged by refrigerator temperatures
  • For best results, keep mangoes in your fruit bowl at room temperature
  • Wait patiently for the mango to soften before eating, from 1 to 10 days depending on the variety and season
  • When the fruit is still quite firm, but there is good yield to pressure, it should be ready – check the directory for details
  • A wrinkling of the skin of some Asian varieties is a good indicator of ripeness.


Quality Problems:

  • Flesh remains rubbery - fruit was picked too early
  • Flesh is tasteless or sour – fruit was picked too early
  • Flesh is dull - possible chill damage during its journey
  • Fruit becomes rotten around the stem – this is a common disease of mangoes due to conditions at harvest and during packing
  • Fruit develops large black spots on the flesh – this is a common disease of mangoes due to conditions during the growing of the fruit
  • Flesh is black or discoloured - this is often due to fruit being picked too soon or kept too long in cold storage
  • Flesh looks like jelly - this is due to over-maturity, some varieties are more prone than others, particularly the Asian varieties
  • Wrinkling of the skin of Keitt, Kent and Tommy Atkins indicates that the fruit was harvested too early and will never ripen properly.

Mango - The Science

Description:  A tropical tree fruit with smooth skin, a large flat stone and succulent, fragrant and sweet flesh. Mangoes are climacteric fruit and grow on large, evergreen trees.

Family:   Anacardiaceae
Species:  Mangifera indica

Storage:  Keep for up to 10 days at room temperature, but eat when the fruit starts to soften. Do not refrigerate.

Grown in:  Mangoes grow through out the moist tropics and sub-tropics. Commercial production can be found in Central & South America, the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa; South and South-East Asia; Israel, Spain, and Australia.
Brazil’s
main growing area is Vale do São Francisco.
Dominican Republic:  Main plantations in the province of Peravia, also La Altagracia, Hato Mayor, La Romana and in the northeast. 4,000ha of native and imported varieties: Banilejo, Yamaguí, Puntita, Pechito and Amarillo, as well as Keitt, Kent, Palmer and Haden. Harvest is from March to August.
Ecuador
: harvest from mid-October to early-February; exporting to USA until end-January.
India: Several states grow mango. Key growing state is Maharashtra. Mango-growing state of Karnatka; 12,000 hectares of Alphonso in the Dharwad region; other regions: Mugad, Nigadi, Mavinkopp, Murkatti, and Salakinkopp.
Mexico‘s main production areas are the states of Veracruz and Chaipas (Soconusco coastal region); Guererro, Nayarit and Michoacan.Harvest in Chaihuites, Oaxaca from early October
Peru’s main mango-producing regions are Piura (October to January), Lambayeque (January and February) and Ancash (March); exporting to USA until late-March. There are 22,000ha of mango in Peru (2012), with the majority centered in San Lorenzo, Piura (17,000ha).
South Africa’s growing areas are mainly in the north and east of the country in Limpopo,  Mpumulanga and KwaZulu/Natal provinces.
Spain’s mangoes are grown in Andalucia, along the coast between Málaga and El Ejido.

Other Websites

Julia Morton, 1987 – Mango – An excellent general description of mangoes

Mango.org – US consumer site

Market Man – Mango mad in Manila (mango Blogs)

Mangozz – South Asian mangoes

Wikipedia – Mango varieties – a great list of varieties and images on Wikipedia

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